Posts Tagged ‘Southern Poverty Law Center’

Odio y Locura En La Frontera De México

Viernes, junio 16th, 2017
Odio y Locura En La Frontera De México

Claman al cielo porque, según aseguran, Estados Unidos está sufriendo una gran invasión. Y eso es algo que no pueden permitir. Por ello han decidido pasar a la acción: rifle y prismáticos en mano, dedican su tiempo libre a vigilar que ningún inmigrante indocumentado cruce la frontera con México. Son las patrullas fronterizas voluntarias, aunque también se les conoce como ‘caza inmigrantes’. Una auténtica locura.

El Southern Poverty Law Center ha detectado la existencia de 892 “grupos de odio” en Estados Unidos, de los cuales al menos un centenar se declaran como supremacistas blancos. Sus miembros se explayan, y se organizan, a través de más de 200 páginas web. La entidad no gubernamental ha intentado medir, a través de numerosos informes y de un “mapa americano del odio” interactivo, dónde se localizan y cómo funcionan estas bandas extremistas.

Brownsvile, en Texas, es uno de los puntos de reunión favoritos de muchos de estos patrulleros. Situada al extremo este de la frontera, esta área cuenta con cámaras de vigilancia del Gobierno y agentes oficiales fuertemente armados. A los barcos blindados y aviones no tripulados que sobrevuelan la zona se suman algunos campamentos improvisados de milicias de hombres voluntarios, indignados con un gobierno que –dicen– ha fracasado en asegurar la frontera.

Los vehículos todo terreno de los Patriots rondan la valla fronteriza desde hace varias décadas. A pesar de su recelo con los medios de comunicación, los Patriots abrieron su campo de Brownsville a Reuters en 2014 para una visita exclusiva. Dos banderas daban la bienvenida a su feudo: la estadounidense y otra amarilla gobernada por una serpiente de cascabel (símbolo Gadsen). Inspirándose en el comportamiento de este reptil, que no ataca hasta que le molestan, los patrulleros voluntarios habían colocado un cartel bajo las ondeantes banderas, en el que podía leerse: “Don’t tread on me”. Lo que viene a decir: “Si no me meto contigo, déjame en paz”.

Los Patriots, al igual que otros grupos anti-inmigración como los Minuteman o los Alpha Team, llevan consigo correas de sujeción o esposas para intimidar a las personas que tratan de cruzar la frontera y van acompañados de equipos de comunicación que avisan a las patrullas fronterizas de posibles incursiones. En convoy o a caballo, uniformados con indumentaria militar o calzando botas de cowboy, estos guerreros americanos han emprendido su particular cruzada contra la inmigración en un país que, paradójicamente, es la mejor prueba de que una sociedad multirracial, multicultural y multirreligiosa puede existir, desarrollarse y progresar a un ritmo muy notable. Estados Unidos es el segundo país del mundo con mayor número de hispanohablantes: 55 millones de hispanos, uno de cada seis estadounidenses.

Laura Zamarriego Maestre
Periodista
Twitter: @LZamarriego

Última Actualización: Junio 16 de 2017
Fuente: Centro de Colaboraciones Solidarias

The Sad State of Atlanta’s Immigration Court

Lunes, marzo 13th, 2017
The Sad State of Atlanta’s Immigration Court

Written by Hilda Bonilla MARCH 10, 2017 in Immigration Courts

The Atlanta immigration court is known as one of the worst places to be in deportation proceedings. For years, the judges have been accused of abusive and unprofessional practices and the denial rate of asylum applications alone is 98 percent.

The latest effort to document this phenomenon comes from Emory Law School and the Southern Poverty Law Center who sent a letter to the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) this month regarding troubling practices in the Atlanta immigration courts. The letter was based on court observations by Emory Law students, who attended 31 proceedings between August 31 and October 14, 2016.

Observers found that the immigration judges made prejudicial statements, demonstrated a lack of courtesy and professionalism and expressed significant disinterest toward respondents. In one hearing, an attorney argued that his client should be released from detention because he was neither a threat to society nor a flight risk. In rejecting the client’s bond request, the immigration judge reportedly compared an immigrant to a “person coming to your home in a Halloween mask, waving a knife dripping with blood” and asked the attorney if he would let him in.

When the attorney disagreed with this comparison, the immigration judge responded that the “individuals before [him] were economic migrants and that they do not pay taxes.” Another immigration judge reportedly “leaned back in his chair, placed his head in his hands, and closed his eyes” for 23 minutes while the respondent described the murder of her parents and siblings during an asylum hearing.

Other critical problems include disregard for legal arguments, frequent cancellation of hearings at the last minute, lack of individualized consideration of bond requests, and inadequate interpretation services for respondents who do not speak English. The observers also reported that immigration judges often refer to detention centers as “jails” and detainees as “prisoners,” undermining their dignity and humanity and suggesting that the IJs perceive detained immigrants as criminals. Compounding this problem, detained immigrants who appear in immigration court in Atlanta are required to wear jumpsuits and shackles.

Many of these practices stand in stark contrast with the Executive Office of Immigration Reviews’ Ethics and Professionalism Guide for Immigration Judges, which state, among other things, that “an immigration judge… should not, in the performance of official duties, by word or conduct, manifest improper bias or prejudice” and that immigration judge should be “patient, dignified, and courteous, and should act in a professional manner towards all litigants, witnesses, lawyers, and other with whom the immigration judge deals in his or her capacity.”

EOIR has been previously criticized for its lack of transparency on providing the public with information about the complaints brought up against immigration Judges, raising questions about the department’s willingness to hold its judges accountable. For these reasons, the American Immigration Lawyers Association submitted a Freedom of Information Act request on December 2016 requesting records on all complaints filed against immigration judges and how the complaints were resolved. The released records showed that many immigration judges have been accused of abusive behavior towards immigrants.

The letter concludes with recommendations that, if implemented, have the potential to significantly improve the fairness of immigration court proceedings in one of the most hostile jurisdictions in the country. These recommendations include: investigating and monitoring immigration judges at the Atlanta immigration court, requiring immigration judges to record all courtroom proceedings to ensure transparency and accountability for prejudicial statements, investigating the frequent cancellation of hearings, and ensuring high-quality interpretation and availability of sample translations of forms. It is time for EOIR to take these recommendations seriously.

Photo by Tim Evanson.

Última Actualización: March 13 de 2017
Source: http://immigrationimpact.com